Stage Two - Premises and Conclusions
primary and linking premises
Arguments are sets of sentences where some of those sentences, the premises, purport to establish the truth of another, the conclusion.
Primary premise: a premise that makes a statement about some state of affairs. It applies a new predicate to the same subject as the conclusion.
Linking premise: a premise that tells you why the primary assertion supports the conclusion. It links the predicate used in the primary premise to that of the conclusion,
Enthyememes are arguments missing a premise.
The missing premise is often the linking premise.
Identifying the missing premise will not only help you to understand argument structure, but also to identify potentially problematic assumptions in arguments.
Example #1 (0:00) - identifying the primary and linking premises in an argument.
Example #2 (1:58) - identifying the missing premise in an enthymeme.
Example #3 (3:19) - a more complex enthymeme.